Posts Tagged ‘Buddha’

NEPAL

Posted: May 13, 2011 in Articles, Other collections
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Somewhere in this world lies a country draped along the greatest heights of Himalayas; encircled by deep dark forests holding many wonders; bubbling and roaring, uninterrupted Waterfalls of immense strength and beauty; chosen by Almighty to render help from; a place so holy and tolerant enough to let Lord Buddha be born and inseminate the knowledge of life.clip_image002

This is what all people read and know about Nepal which they have read across many sites and magazines but let me, an inhabitant of Nepal, explain you what Nepal really is, from the experience of mine.

If we wanna experience or feel the nature in its purest ie wildest form, if you wanna witness how the mother of all, Nature looks like, then pay a visit to Nepal. The exotic scenes, the unexplored caves, never traversed forests all in their purest form dating back to the time when conventions like date system was never established.

Many of you have visited mountains and been thrilled to see: unwinding paths, extreme cold, depleting O2 level and the proudness of the mountain to stand tall and unmoved by any of the natures or human forces but let me tell you if you are a person thrilled by that never visit Nepal coz it may be an overdose.

The mountains here make those which you saw previously as plains. Oxygen in the summit of the tall avenger is as rare as a smile in the devils face. The paths winds in such a fashion that even the newest of your gadgets cant help you locate easily where you are. And the cold, damn even air is frozen here and everything looks snow white. Above all, the adventure you get, the thrill you feel, the satisfaction that will run through your blood, the happiness you will receive will be never ending. It feels, really, I want to do this again and again and if possible again.

A small country, yet one of the richest in water, does it feel like I should explain what it would be like. Oh, the heavenly waterfalls breezing cold air, rivers beneath the darkest forest hustling past the leaves creating symphony in the air, the serene and peace lakes smiling with you.

And the extreme sports and adventures that Nepal brings in collaboration with divine Nature: White water rafting across streams, Kayaking, taking off in micro-light aircrafts or paragliding for a good view of the mountains, Mountain biking, hiking to nearby destinations, bird watching, canoeing in the rivers, staying in rural homestays, Jungle safari, Trekking and mountain climbing, waiting for the Bengal tiger in Chitwan’s wild, sprouts awe stricken Gasp and silence in the admiration.

Have you heard of the apple of discord? That made Gods fight for it. I wondered why fight for it when we can get it anywhere till I visited Humla, a small hilly place in Nepal. The apple there can make you fight with anyone coz you will be never be satiated by it. It feels you are in paradise and they are offering you the best of their place.

Lord Buddha chose this ultra-holy utopian Nepal as his birth place to spread the message of peace, righteousness and compassion, yet Nepali are known for their bravery in battlefield as it was never captured let alone be ruled .

People here believe in love, care, respect and always adhere to it. They spare not a second to forgive their enemies.

Humble Nepali are always one of the most hospitable host of the guest.

Historical palaces, Serene stupas, divine temples, shrines and many other things enchants the sophisticated culture and tradition of here.clip_image004

And if you have heard of Yeti man and you are over achieving adventurer and want to search them, come here as it is still reported to be seen around here.

Who would show the negative aspects of their country and I am a patriot , but to see something so beautiful you must go through little difficulties. There are plights but the destination is a worth watching that would connect your dreams to reality and you would forget the hardship you went through.

via. Mikesh Khanal

When we leave the critique of religion and God, where Buddhism and Marxism have something in common, and consider ether aspects, the differe1nces in the two systems begin to emerge. These differences exist and are real; but they should neither be exaggerated nor minimized.

The Buddha is generally associated with the doctrine of Ahimsa. That is taken to be the be-all and end-all of his teachings. Some of the main teachings of Buddha are:

1. Religion is necessary for a free Society.

2. Not every Religion is worth having. 3

. Religion must relate to facts of life and not to theories and speculations about God, or Soul or Heaven or Earth.

4. It is wrong to make God the centre of Religion. 

5. It is wrong to make salvation of the soul as the centre of Religion.

6. It is wrong to make animal sacrifices to be the centre of religion.

7. Real Religion lives in the heart of man and not in the Shastras. 

8. Man and morality must be the centre of religion. If not, Religion is a cruel superstition.

9. It is not enough for Morality to be the ideal of life. Since there is no God it must become the Joy of life. 

10. The function of Religion is to reconstruct the world and to make it happy and not to explain its origin or its end.

11. That the unhappiness in the world is due to conflict of interest and the only way to solve it is to follow the Ashtanga Marga. 

12. That private ownership of property brings power to one class and sorrow to another.

13. That it is necessary for the good of Society that this sorrow be removed by removing its cause.

14. All human beings are equal.

15. Worth and not birth is the measure of man. 

16. Learning without character is dangerous.

17. Nothing is infallible. Nothing is binding forever. Every thing is subject to inquiry and examination.

18. Every thing is subject to the law of causation.

19. Nothing is permanent or sanatan. Every thing is subject to change. Being is thumbnail.aspxalways becoming. 

20. War is wrong unless it is for truth and justice.

II THE ORIGINAL CREED OF KARL MARX

Let us now turn to the creed of Karl Marx as originally propounded by him. Karl Marx is no doubt the father of modern socialism or Communism but he was not interested merely in propounding the theory of Socialism. That had been done long before him by others. Marx was more interested in proving that his Socialism was scientific. His crusade was as much against the capitalists as it was against those whom he called the Utopian Socialists. He disliked them both. It is necessary to note this point because Marx attached the greatest importance to the scientific character of his Socialism. All the doctrines which Marx propounded had no other purpose than to establish his contention that his brand of Socialism was scientific and not Utopian.

What remains of the Karl Marx is a residue of fire, small but still very important. The residue in my view consists of four items:

(i) That the purpose of philosophy is to reconstruct the world and not to explain the origin of the universe.

(ii) That the force which shapes the course of history are primarily economic.

(iii) That society is divided into two classes, owners and workers. (iv) That there is always a class conflict going on between the two classes.

(v) That the workers are exploited by the owners who misappropriate the surplus value, which is the result of the workers’ labour.

(vi) That this exploitation can be put an end to by nationalisation of the instruments of production i.e. abolition of private property.

(vii) That this exploitation is leading to greater and greater impoverishment of the workers.

(viii) That this growing impoverishment of the workers is resulting in a revolutionary spirit among the workers and the conversion of the class conflict into a class struggle.

(ix) That as the workers outnumber the owners, the workers are bound to capture the State and establish their rule, which he called the dictatorship of the proletariat.

(x) These factors are irresistible and therefore socialism is inevitable.

A part of the misery and unhappiness in the world was according to the Buddha the result of mans inequity towards man. How was this inequity to be removed ? For the removal of man’s inequity towards man the Buddha prescribed the Noble Eight-Fold Path. The elements of the Noble Fight-Fold Path are:

(1) Right views i.e. freedom from superstition:

(2) Right aims, high and worthy of the intelligent and earnest men;

(3) Right speech i.e. kindly, open, truthful:

(4) Right Conduct i.e. peaceful, honest and pure;

(5) Right livelihood i.e. causing hurt or injury to no living being;

(6) Right perseverance in all the other seven;

(7) Right mindfulness i.e. with a watchful and active mind; and

(8) Right contemplation i.e. earnest thought on the deep mysteries of life.

The aim of the Noble Eight-Fold Path is to establish on earth the kingdom of righteousness, and thereby to banish sorrow and unhappiness from the face of the world.

 

p.s its not a complete analysis, just scraps of reading of the principle of both the ideas, I have left the comparison part to you, hope you will help to this cause!

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मौनताको अर्थ धेरै छ यसोधरा,

शब्दमा त अर्थ सीमित छ,

भान आँखामा लुकिरहेको छ,

कुनै बन्धनले बाँध्न सकेन उसलाई,

न नवजात पुत्रकै अनुहारले,

न दरबारले- न त पत्निको प्यारले।

तिमिले सोधेको कुरा सोध्नै सक्दैन कसैले,

किन भाग्यो ऊ सबैदेखि ?

के दरबारमा ग्यान सम्भव थिएन ?

बाधक थियो कि तिम्रो प्रेम?

कि त्यो शिशुको मुष्कान ?

उसको मौनतामा तिम्रो प्रश्नको उत्तर छ/छैन !

चिवर वस्त्रमा यतिखेर राजमहलको ढोकामा-

उभिएको छ यौटा भुतपूर्व राजकुमार,

माग्न आयो कि दिन आयो ऊ ?

कि केही बिर्सेको थियो र लिन आयो कि ?

शब्दमा त उत्तर छैन यसोधरा,

भेट्नै पर्थो र भेट्यौ तिमिलाई,

सोध्नै पर्थो र सोध्यौ तिमिले,

तर तिम्रो प्रश्नको उत्तर छैन यसोधरा

समय छ बलवान- समयमै छ सबैकुरा

आखिर तिमिले त्यो मौका पनि पायौ

कि राहुललाई एकैचोटि ढाल र तरवार देऊ

तिम्रो प्रश्नको तैपनि उत्तर छैन यसोधरा

यतिखेर बुद्ध पनि मौन छ,

काहिँ छैन, कसैसित छैन तिम्रो प्रश्नको जवाफ,

हेर्दै जाऊ- तिम्रो प्रश्न स्वयम मौन हुँदैछ ।

6

This poem described the meeting of Buddha and Yasodhara-Rahul after he returned to Kapilbastu after acheiving Bodhisattva.

When Buddha came back to Kapilvastu after attaining enlightenment, everybody went to pay homage to him except Yasodhara.  Buddha went to meet Yasodhara himself along with Sariputra, his disciple. After touching Buddha’s feet, Yasodhara asked him a very profound question, ‘Isn’t the truth that you attained under the Bodhi tree on the bank of Niranjana River present here? Couldn’t you have had that understanding here as well?’ This made Buddha speechless. This question reveals the depth of her understanding and intelligence.

Yasodhara didn’t stop her son Rahul when he wanted to become Buddha’s disciple, instead she asked Buddha to initiate her too. But as Buddha was not yet ready to accept women into his Sangha, she couldn’t become his disciple.  Later on, after the death of King Suddhodhan, Buddha’s stepmother, Prajapati Gautami shaved her head, dressed herself with an attire of a monk and asked Buddha to initiate her. Buddha hesitatingly initiated Gautami after listening to the strong advocacy of his disciple, Anand, who was in favor of accepting women into the Sangha.  This incident opened the opportunity for Yasodhara to take initiation from Buddha.
Buddhist literature keeps on mentioning the names of Buddha’s female disciples such as Visakha, Amrapali, Prajapati Gautami, Kahjutara and Krisha Gautami. But it seems that after Yasodhara’s initiation, Buddhist literature completely forgot the name of Yasodhara. In the Sangha, Yasodhara never demanded acknowledgement for being Buddha’s wife rather she lived a very simple life. In the ashram, she washed dishes, swept the floor and nursed the sick ones. Her son Rahul had already attained Arhatwa and was one of the main Acharyas among Buddha’s ten Gandharvas. Yasodhara, the wife of an enlightened master and the mother of an Acharya, never asked for any important position and chose to live anonymously. It is absolutely admirable that she completely dissolved herself into the Buddha Sangha.

At the age of 78, on the same full moon day of Baisakh Purnima, Yasodhara’s last conversation with her beloved in the Benuban of Rajgrihi is poignant to the core. She requested Buddha, ‘Now I am old, and my body is tired. I have respectfully fulfilled my duties as the Koili princess, Shakya crown-princess and a disciple of the Buddha Sangha. I have remembered my past lives. I served you with immense love and trust in one form or another in many earlier lives. In this life you accepted me as your wife and gave me a son and later guided me as my master till I attained enlightenment. Now I have no desires left. With your permission I want to leave my body. Please forgive me if I have done anything wrong to you or the Buddha Sangha.’ After saying this she encircled Buddha three times, went to her hut and burnt a lamp for Buddha with love. She bowed down to him from within her heart and left her body in peace.
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1. Lukla Airport
Because it’s the most dangerous airport in the world, Discovery Channel says so. Of course this also makes it is the most exciting: as you take off, you go downhill then the runway just disappears into the valley, and as you get into the air you are in the embrace of the most majestic mountains in the world.

2. Karnali Highway
Because it has no overtaking lanes, road signs or painted road markings, making it the world’s most dangerous highway. We are in awe of every passenger who has completed this journey.

3. Online voting champions
Because we win anything that has an online voting system; whether it’s cheering on Indian Idol Prashant Tamang, or helping Anuradha Koirala win $100,000 as a CNN Hero, we’re there with bells on.

4. Kutumba
Because their instrumental folk ensemble sounds so damn good that they have played everywhere from the Commonwealth Games in Delhi to the International Environment Festival in France.

5. Wireless Everest
Because Ncell has made technology reach its highest peak by installing the first 3G base station at the summit of Mount Everest. How many Nepalese are planning a trip up just to tag their triumph?

6. We ❤ the environment
Because although Kathmandu may too often eclipse the rest of the country, when it comes to environmentally friendly behavior our smaller cities like Ilam and Pokhara have set an example by going plastic-free.

7. Prabal Gurung
Because no other designers from the sub-continent have designed anything impressive enough to dress the American First Lady Michelle Obama and top celebrities like Oprah Winfrey, Demi Moore and Zoe Saldana. And we shiver every time he mentions Nepal.

8. Nepali Pashmina
Because cashmere can't get finer than this!

9. Politics
Because of idiot political leaders who instead of thinking nation they think of themselves and are ruiningcontinuously.

10. Goldstar
Because it is local, worn by politicians and struggling athletes and is slowly replacing the fake Converse from Khasa.

11. Female cricketers
Because the Nepali women's cricket team beat Malaysia to be the numero uno at the first ACC Under 19 Women's Championship, and the government awarded each team member Rs 100,000, the highest cash prize awarded in the history of Nepali cricket.

12. Newari food
Because if you eat chhoela, alu tama, bara, chatamari, kachilo, bodi, sukuti and wash it down with a jug of chhyang, there is nothing more you would ever want.

13. Gundruk
Because we are wise and stock up on emergency delicacies; or just prefer to eat wilted, shredded and dried greens to fresh ones.

14. Ginger
Because this little rhizome has made us rich and famous (well, it's all relative…). After all, we are the world's fourth biggest ginger producers, and even the world's largest producer imports it from us.

15. Sur Sudha
Because Nicholas Sarkozy's wife Carla Bruni seeks peace through their tranquil raga.

16. One horned Rhino
Because not only is this creature endangered, is also the main source of Chitwan National Park's revenue.he mentions Nepal.

17. Nepali pride
Because we saw this {pic} on Google's homepage on Christmas Eve and it made our heart flutter.

18. Sukul
Because it is made of straw and is eco-friendly. Because it is not class-oriented; you can find it at top-notch hotels like Dwarika's or a local bhatti.

19. Birds
Because the more than 848 species of birds found in Nepal make it a birdwatcher's paradise. And because we have a special day dedicated to worshipping black crows.

20. Instant noodles
Because we made and consumed 5.9 million packets in 2009, and hami sabai ko Wai Wai (our Wai Wai) is the slogan for Nepal's favourite instant noodle.

21. Deepak Bista
Because he is the first guy in the history of the South Asian Games to win four consecutive gold medals. In 2010, he did it in spite of his knee injury.

22. Unreal estate
Because the landlords can rent almost every room out. Because the house can be sold immediately, and because of the ever-increasing price of land.

23. Momo
Because this is one food that unites us Nepalis.

24. Rooftop Bus Rides
Because it's not just the restaurants that offer a rooftop service, even our buses do; wanderlust Nepali style.

25. Documentaries
Because though our commercial film industry may suck, filmmakers like Kesang Tseten, Mohan Mainali and Deepak Rauniyar make powerful documentaries. And with regular festivals like Kathmandu International Mountain Film Festival, and Film South Asia, we are undoubtedly the documentary capital of South Asia.

26. Goodies
Because you can find every designer imitation from Gucci sweatpants to Trussardi nail polish.

27. Pokhara
Because everyone needs to experience the calm stretch of the lakeside, the panoramic view of the Himalayan range and the lush nature that Pokhara has to offer. And after all, nature is the best therapy.

28. Caffé Concerto, Pokhara
Because no Italian restaurant can get better than this in Nepal. Because their food is so delicious that it's impossible not to overeat, and the ice cream is truly Italian-style.

29. Tongba
Because not only is this drink indigenous, but served in a fancy stein like a metal mug with a lid through which extends a metal straw – a state of the art serving mechanism if ever we saw one.

30. Community radios
Because there are more than 150 radio stations operating around the country, and this model of communication has become so successful that other countries have followed suit.

31. Lumbini
Because of birth place of Lord Gautam Buddha and also known as world peace city.

32. Load shedding
Because we persevere through the darkest of nights with grace and humour. And because remote parts like Humla have ditched the idea of the electric grid and gone solareven thoughcountry is second richest in water resources after Brazil and have capacity to produce 83,000 Mega Watt electricity which can light Asia .

33. Our grandmothers kick ass
Because this 65-year old rides on the bus driven by her son to collect the fare. She is charming and gentle, and no one has tried to evade the fare. Ever.

34. Khagendra Thapa Magar
Because standing at 2 feet and 2.5 inches tall, he is the shortest man in the world, and is almost about to replace Mount Everest as Nepal's most famous asset.

35. Guitar Heroes
Because we can't decide between Hari Maharjan and Gopal Rasaily. Both of them brought guitar strumming to adulthood in Nepal, and boy, are we grateful?

36. Tigers
Because we have 155 of the world's 3,200 tigers. We are concerned about the extinction of this ruler of the jungle, but the government is committed to doubling the number by 2022.

37. The Himalaya
Because Mount Everest is in Nepal. And the Himalayas that run through Nepal are home to eight of the fourteen tallest mountains in the world.

38. Lovers of Nepal
Because former Bond girl Joanna Lumley loves Nepal. So did Tony Hagen, who trekked the length and breadth of Nepal for fifteen years of his life. And they're just two people.

39. Off-road biking
Because our roads and pathways may not let a sports car glide, but they will enchant the lovers of extreme sports, including mountain biking and extreme off-road biking.

40. Policewomen of Thapathali
Because they kick ass, sometimes literally (of traffic rule violators, that is). They swear like sailors, and their killer looks can make even the most determined riders fall off the saddle.

41. Elephant Polo
Because this novel (let's forget ethics for a while) sport originated in Meghauli, and we are in the exclusive club of countries, including only Thailand, Sri Lanka and Nepal, who continue to host this game.

42. Equal rights
Because we want to host the world's highest same-sex wedding at Everest Base Camp. We have surpassed America when it comes to equal rights for sexual minorities. And cross-dressing during special functions is an age-old tradition of the Nepali army.

43. Nepal lovers II
Because Ricky Martin and Leonardo DiCaprio come to Nepal without being noticed. Sting does an impromptu concert in Thamel. Because Helena Christensen came and went, and no one even noticed.

44. Colours
Because there is so much colour here. And because you don't see two women wearing the same sari.

45. Robin Tamang
Because he still rides around on his Enfield in a wife-beater. And yet he is the only rockstar who can pull off a Daura Surwal.

46. Ashmina Ranjit
Because no other artist has performed live in a dress made with sanitary pads with a tube oozing red blood; now that is art in its most expressive form.

47. Achar
Because we like to make achar out of every vegetable possible, from bitter gourd to cauliflower and eggplant.

48. Music
Because we have refined taste in music. We host Jazzmandu, one of the foremost Jazz festivals, as well as the Himalayan Blues festival; then there's also Silence Festival, a misleading name for a heavy metal rock festival and Music by the Museum. Music is everywhere.

49. Heaven
Because looking at the rhododendrons with snow-capped covered mountains in the backdrop while sipping a cup of Nepali tea with bhuteko makai is the closest you will come to heaven on earth.

50.Nepalipan
Because we are Nepali: we don't talk about the things that piss us off, we talk about the things we love.

Courtesy: Wave magazine.